The question of the right of football clubs to include stars and other memorabilia on their shirts is controversial, with permission to note successes in this manner varying from league to league and country to country. the other.
Often, football associations adopt the “star system” to reward team achievements, the most common at club level being a gold badge awarded for 10 top-flight titles won.
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However, following Bayern Munich’s Champions League victory over Paris Saint-Germain last season, the decoration on the German giants’ insignia seems to go against this trend, but why?
Bayern have now won six European Cup / Champions League crowns, as they have recorded 30 domestic titles, dating back to their first in the 1931/32 season.
Here, however, is the answer to their four stars.
In 2004, Deutsche Fussball Liga (DFL), governors of the first and second tier of the Bundesliga system, decreed that commemorative stars would be awarded to teams that achieved benchmarks of three, five, 10 and 20 league titles. And so on. .
The caveat being that it would only include Bundesliga titles won since the formation of the league system in 1963 (prior to that, the domestic champions had been decided by a knockout competition involving qualifying teams from regional leagues) .
So the result is that Bayern have four stars to commemorate their 30 Bundesliga successes, but dismissing their very first domestic title in 1932. If they win one more league title, a fifth star will be added to their jersey.
Comparatively, Borussia Dortmund and Mönchengladbach have two stars to represent their respective five titles, while Werder Bremen, Hamburg and Stuttgart have one, to represent their titles won after 1963.