US Supreme Court to hear major contested abortion case Roe vs Wade, an initiative that should rekindle long-simmering tensions over abortion rights in America.
The court said Monday it would review whether bans on early pregnancy abortions are unconstitutional, in a case involving a Mississippi state law banning abortions after 15 weeks. The Roe vs. Wade decision, first released in 1973, enshrined a constitutional right to abortion.
The Supreme Court will likely hear the case this fall, with a ruling delivered in the spring or summer of 2022 – just before the midterm elections next November.
It will be the first major abortion case to be considered by America’s highest court since Conservative Amy Coney Barrett joined the bench last year, following the death of Liberal Ruth Bader Ginsburg.
With Barrett’s confirmation, the nine-member Supreme Court is balanced, 6-3, in favor of justices appointed by Republican presidents.
Donald Trump’s nomination of Barrett last year and Senate confirmation just days before the November presidential election were hailed by religious conservatives and opposed by progressives. Barrett is a practicing Catholic and mother of seven who has long been celebrated by self-proclaimed “pro-life” or anti-abortion activists.
Last summer, while Ginsburg was still on the bench, the Supreme Court narrowly overturned restrictive abortion law in Louisiana, after Chief Justice John Roberts sided with the liberal wing from the courtyard.
Abortion has long been a lightning rod problem in American politics, although public opinion has remained remarkably consistent in the decades since the birth. Roe deer decision.
According to Gallup, 50% of Americans think that abortion should be legal “only in certain circumstances”, compared to 29% who think the procedure should be legal “in all circumstances” and 20% think it should be illegal in “All conditions”.
But Republican and Democratic lawmakers have toughened their positions on the issue in recent years, with many Tories pushing for Roe deer decision to be overturned, and many progressives advocate fewer restrictions on abortion.
Joe Biden, the U.S. President, who is also a practicing Catholic, in 2019 dropped his long-standing support for the Hyde Amendment, which bans the use of federal funding for abortion services. The White House did not immediately comment on the Supreme Court ruling on Monday.
A major abortion decision next year could color the preparations for the midterms of 2022, when Republicans attempt to regain control of the US House of Representatives and Senate. The right to abortion has long been a mobilization issue for conservative voters, but has also energized progressives in recent years.