The American Heart Association has released new dietary guidelines for heart health, as part of its mission to reduce heart disease, the leading cause of death in the United States.
The change, said Dr Stanley Wang, a cardiologist at Austin Heart and Heart Hospital in Austin, is really about making the guidelines more user-friendly. Instead of telling people how many grams of something to eat, the guidelines talk broadly about making healthier choices.
“These 10 points, we hope they will be absorbed by the public,” Wang said. “The previous findings don’t go away, but this one is more accessible.”
The guidelines closely follow a Mediterranean diet, which emphasizes plants, healthy fats, and lean protein.
The two really telling things, Wang said, are the American Heart Association’s steadfastness against tropical oils like coconut and palm, which have become popular on ketogenic diets, and against alcohol consumption. .
This theory that a glass or two of red wine is heart-healthy practice is not in these new recommendations. It is also a practice that many cardiologists, like Wang, have tried to advise against. “There are a lot of studies that (alcohol is) really bad for you in so many different ways,” he said. These include an increased risk of certain cancers and dementia, not just heart disease.
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Here are the guidelines:
1. Adjust energy intake (calories) and expenditure (activity) to achieve and maintain a healthy body weight.
2. Eat plenty and a variety of fruits and vegetables.
3. Choose whole grain foods and products.
4. Choose healthy sources of protein (mostly plants; regular consumption of fish and seafood; low-fat or fat-free dairy products; and if you desire meat or poultry, choose lean cuts and non-fat forms. transformed).
5. Use liquid vegetable oils rather than tropical oils and partially hydrogenated fats.
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6. Choose minimally processed foods instead of ultra-processed foods.
7. Minimize the consumption of drinks and foods containing added sugars.
8. Choose and prepare foods with little or no salt.
9. If you don’t drink alcohol, don’t start; if you choose to drink alcohol, limit your intake.
ten. Follow these guidelines no matter where the food is prepared or eaten.
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These guidelines come out just weeks after the Food and Drug Administration recommended manufacturers and restaurants reduce the amount of sodium in their foods. The recommended daily allowance is 2300 milligrams per day, but most people 2 years of age and older consume 3400 milligrams per day and 70% of that is added in the manufacture of the food, not the food. salt that a person adds to a meal or is naturally found in food.