Environmental activists are targeting at least five major oil and gas pipelines after celebrating the death of Keystone XL this week.
In the past two years, at least four multi-billion dollar pipeline projects that sparked protests have been canceled or delayed, signaling activists to the effectiveness of their campaign to push for a carbon-free future.
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Sometimes, as in the case of the $ 8 billion Keystone XL pipeline, the license of which was snatched by President Joe Biden, political considerations force project developers to give up.
Likewise, Williams Companies canceled its $ 1 billion, 125-mile Constitution gas pipeline last year after New York Gov. Andrew Cuomo used the power of the Clean Water Act to block construction.
Cuomo used the same authority to deny a permit for Williams Northeast’s $ 1 billion supply improvement project to bring natural gas from Pennsylvania to New York via New Jersey. Williams Companies has not given up on trying to build this pipeline, but its timeline is delayed.
Other times, legal fees drain the funding of a project.
Last year, Utilities Dominion Energy and Duke Energy announced they would abandon construction of the $ 8 billion Atlantic Coast pipeline, which would have transported natural gas 600 miles from West Virginia to markets in East cost.
Legal challenges to the project have resulted in construction delays of several years and increased costs of more than $ 3 billion, according to utilities.
Another billion-dollar pipeline, PennEast, is still under attack, with a closely watched eminent domain case pending in the Supreme Court.
Here are five more targets of activists facing an uncertain future.
Dakota Access: This spring, the Biden administration refused to order the closure of the Dakota Access pipeline while it completes an environmental review, dealing a blow to the Green groups and Native American tribes who had sought to prevent it from functioning.
The Dakota Access pipeline has transported oil for more than three years from North Dakota to Illinois. But several courts have found the Trump administration’s environmental review of the project to be flawed, so Biden is conducting a new one. The administration could shut down the pipeline if the Army Corps of Engineers environmental review makes that decision. But that would be unprecedented because the pipeline is already operational, unlike Keystone XL.
Enbridge Line 3: The $ 9 billion Line 3 pipeline expansion in northern Minnesota has been the subject of protests this week, resulting in tense clashes with police and the arrest of more than 160 people.
Enbridge is looking to replace an aging pipeline to transport crude from the Alberta oil sands to Canada, the same emission-intensive source that would have been used in Keystone XL, through the watersheds and tribal lands of the State up to Superior, Wisconsin. Despite pressure from activists, the Biden administration refused to influence the project. Environmentalists are also pleading their case in court.
Enbridge Line 5: Michigan Governor Gretchen Whitmer has ordered the closure of the 645-mile Line 5 pipeline operated by the same Canadian energy company, Enbridge, citing risks the pipeline could leak or spill oil.
Enbridge Line 5, which carries up to 540,000 barrels per day of crude oil and natural gas liquids, passes under the Straits of Mackinac connecting Lake Michigan and Lake Superior. Enbridge defies the order, however, saying the governor does not have the power to shut it down. Enbridge wants to move Line 5 into a new $ 500 million tunnel under the Straits of Mackinac to reduce the risk of leaks.
Biden also did not intervene or comment directly on this project.
Trans-Mountain: Biden has no authority over the Trans Mountain Pipeline, an expansion project taken over by the Canadian government that would transport an additional 535,000 barrels per day of oil from the Alberta tar sands to the British Columbia coast.
Prime Minister Justin Trudeau’s government bought the 68-year-old pipeline in 2018 when former owner Kinder Morgan threatened to shut it down amid legal hurdles. But the government plans to sell the project eventually. In the meantime, insurers have stopped supporting the pipeline, prompting Trans Mountain to receive regulatory approval to protect the identity of its insurers.
Mountain valley: Federal energy regulators voted in December to allow Mountain Valley pipeline developers to do construction near a 25-mile zone that includes the crossing of the Jefferson National Forest in Virginia.
But several of the permits for the $ 6.2 billion Mountain Valley Pipeline, a 303-mile project that would transport natural gas from West Virginia to Virginia, are under legal review, and its cost has nearly doubled.
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A coalition that built the project recently announced that it would delay the start of the pipeline until the summer of 2022 after initially planning to start operating by the end of 2018.
Original location: Five more oil and gas pipelines targeted by environmental activists