A year after the publication of the first image of a black hole, the group behind this historic breakthrough is again with a whole new image.
This time, we are shown that the bottom of a colossal jet of excited fuel, or plasma, howls away from another black hole at a speed close to light.
The scene was really in the “background” of the single lens.
Scientists using the Event Horizon telescope describe the jet in the journal Astronomy & Astrophysics.
They say that their research on the home field, often known as 3C 279, will help them better understand the physics that determine behavior around black holes.
3C 279 is the period that astronomers chose for a quasar – the extraordinarily vivid core of a truly distant galaxy. It is about 5.5 billion light years from Earth.
It is well known and has been used because the objective of calibration was to align the efficiency of the eight particular EHT radio telescopes after they simultaneously made their amazing map of the supermassive black hole in the center of the Galaxy M87 .
The exceptional decision of the EHT – brought to such an impact with M87 – is once again bearing fruit with 3C 279, because we first see unrecognized options.
3C 279 also has a supermassive black hole in its coronary heart. It is about a billion times the mass of our Sun and its gravity attracts and shreds stars or fuel that close too much. These materials will likely accumulate on a disc that winds through the hole, but some of them are again projected into the house alongside two jets moving in opposite directions.
In the previous photos of the 3C 279, we were able to detect the definition of the jet coming towards us (the one that moves in the other direction is simply not detected). But within the new EHT image, we are able to resolve the element close to the destination to which this jet leaves the black hole. In addition, this base space seems twisted and considerably offset from the main axis of the jet.
“It’s curious,” said Dr. Ziri Younsi, member of the EHT collaboration. “We see a region which is actually quite close to the black hole. It could be an interaction layer where the jet couples to the accretion disc and extracts all its energy from the black hole.
“We don’t really see how the jets are propelled by black holes. Black holes, after spinning quickly, are probably the most environmentally friendly power liberators in the Universe, but the mechanism by which the jet can extract this power is unknown. There are a number of concepts, but we are undecided, but which one is the most appropriate, “the researcher from University College London, UK, told BBC News.
The information in the photos for M87 and 3C 279 was collected by the ENT’s widely dispersed radio telescope network in 2017. The company continued to collect information about the supermassive black hole that exists at the center of our personal galaxy , the Milky Way .
“We have this data – from a region we call Sagittarius A *,” said Dr. Younsi. “We are working on it at the moment and although we have preliminary results, these cannot be shared at the moment. We hope to have something perhaps before the end of this year.” The group is ready to focus on this assessment because of the observation time he had reserved on the EHT chart for this year bought canceled in the coronavirus epidemic.
A PDF of the A&A document describing 3C 279 is available here. Its main creator is Dr. Jae-Young Kim of the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, Germany.
The Event Horizon telescope is a “virtual telescope” that links to a wide variety of radio receivers – from the South Pole, to Hawaii, the Americas and Europe. It uses a method known as very long base matrix interferometry (VLBI). This combines observations from the dispersed community to mimic a telescope aperture which can produce the essential decision to understand a pinprick in the sky. For EHT, this pinprick is measured in microarcseconds.
To transmit such efficiency to most people, the EHT team members talk about the sharpness of the imagination and the premonitory as being equal to seeing from Earth a thing the size of a grapefruit on the ground from the moon.