On his first day in office, President Joe Biden signed more than a dozen executive actions, some of which overturn decisions made by his predecessor, the former president..
Several executive actions will alter the US response to COVID-19 and attempt to alleviate some of the financial pressure on Americans resulting from the pandemic. Other executive actions directly target and negate Mr. Trump’s actions on, , the US Census and regulatory changes.
Mr Biden signed three executive orders in the presence of reporters – implementing a mask mandate on federal property, increasing support for underserved communities and joining the Paris climate accord.
“I thought there was no time to wait. Get to work immediately,” he says.
Mr Biden said Mr Trump left him a letter, which he described as “very generous,” but said he would not disclose the contents. “Because it was private, I won’t talk about it until I tell her about it, but it was generous,” he said.
Biden’s new White House advisers outlined and described the executive’s actions in a press appeal Tuesday night, and Biden aides also promised there would be more to come.
“In the days and weeks to come, we will be announcing additional actions by the executive to address these challenges and deliver on the President-elect’s promises to the American people, including the revocation of the ban on military service by transgender Americans and the Mexico policy reversal, “New White House Press Secretary Jen Psaki said in a statement.
Below is CBS News’s breakdown of Mr Biden’s first 15 executive orders and the two executive actions he was due to sign on Wednesday:
Start a “100 Day Masking Challenge” Calling for a nationwide face mask and social distancing mandate in federal buildings, on federal lands and by federal employees and contractors.
Restructure the federal government’s coordination in the face of the COVID-19 pandemic. White House Biden brings back an Obama-era position called “Directorate of Global Health Security and Biodefense,” which was organized with additional staff in the National Security Council after the 2014 Ebola outbreak This executive office was dispersed into other roles under the Trump administration, but Biden and his campaign advisers argued that the move reduced the federal government’s preparedness for the COVID-19 pandemic. Mr Biden will also formally implement a “response coordinator” who will report to the president on the production, supply and distribution of vaccines, tests and personal protective equipment. Mr Biden has appointed Jeff Zients, who oversaw Mr Biden’s COVID-19 team for the presidential transition.
Join the World Health Organization (WHO), that the Trump administration was leaving. Mr Biden is also seeking to re-establish the United States as an active leader of the WHO.
Financial aid to Americans
Extend moratoria on evictions and seizures. To do so, Biden will ask the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to reinstate and extend the already-disappeared moratorium until at least March 31. The new president will also appeal to the ministries of agriculture, housing and urban development, and veterans. Business to extend foreclosure moratoria for their federally backed mortgages. “These emergency measures are important,” Mr. Biden’s chief economic adviser Brian Deese said on appealing to reporters, “There are over 11 million mortgages guaranteed by the VA, the ministry of Agriculture and HUD which would be extended. ”
Continue to “pause” student loan payments until September 30. Biden advisers continue to assert that Biden still backs his campaign pledge to cancel $ 10,000 in, but it will take time because it has to go through Congress.
Join the Paris Climate Agreement. The Paris climate negotiations took place under the Obama administration and were led by the new climate change czar John Kerry when he was secretary of state. It will take 30 days to take effect.
Stop the Keystone XL pipeline and revoke oil and gas development at National Wildlife Areas. To do so, Biden’s climate adviser Gina McCarthy explained that the Biden administration would reject or redo more than 100 presidential proclamations, memoranda or “harmful” permits signed by the Trump administration that the new administration considers harmful to the ‘environment.
The revocation of the permits will effectively cancel the Keystone pipeline. Mr Biden will also reverse the Trump administration’s 2020 decision to allow land development at Bears Ears and Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monuments in Utah and at the Northeastern Canyons and Seamounts National Monuments. sailors in New England, which were reserved for wildlife. protection by former President Obama in 2016. Other changes include agency leadership to “consider revising vehicle fuel consumption and emissions standards” and the establishment of federal task forces to address greenhouse gases, according to an overview of the decrees.
Actions to advance racial equity through the federal government. New domestic policy adviser Susan Rice explained that President Biden wanted every federal agency to examine fairness in its programs and actions. For example, with this action by the executive, the Office of Management and Budget will analyze whether federal money is equitably distributed in communities of color and other places of need, according to the broad lines of the action. of the executive. Rice also said Trump’s “harmful” 1776 Commission, the 18-member board of directors he formulated in September, would be shut down. The purpose of the commission was to study the president’s concern that the American education system was taking an overly liberal approach to American history.
Recount non-citizens in the US census. This rescinds President Trump’s July 2020 order not to count undocumented Americans, which would affect federal allocation of money and federal representation. Rice, during Wednesday’s press call, said Trump was an “approach that violates the Constitution and census law and is inconsistent with our nation’s history and our commitment to representative democracy. “. Biden’s team decree outline said Biden “will ensure that the Census Bureau has time to do an accurate population count for each state” and then “will present Congress with a fair distribution. and precise so that federal resources are efficient and equitably distributed for the next decade. ”
Strengthen protections against discrimination in the workplace based on sexual orientation and gender identity. In agencies, this expands federal protections against gender discrimination to include LGBTQ Americans.
Defend the “Dreamers” program for undocumented young Americans. Mr Biden, in that executive order, calls on Congress to grant permanent status and a path to citizenship for dreamers – nearly a million undocumented youth who were brought to the country as children and protected from deportation by the President Obama. The Trump administration challenged the law but the Supreme Court upheld it.
End the so-called “travel ban for Muslims”, which in 2017 restricted travel and immigration to the United States from Syria, Iran, Iraq, Sudan, Libya, Somalia and Yemen, before adding Eritrea, Nigeria, Myanmar, Kyrgyzstan and Tanzania in 2020. The State Department is also responsible for reviving visa applications for these countries.
Changing Trump’s Arrest Priorities for Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE ). This executive order will repeal changes Mr. Trump made during the first week of his presidency in 2017 to make domestic immigration enforcement much stricter. Few details were listed in the outline of the executive order, but Biden’s new White House team said the Department of Homeland Security, in partnership with other agencies, “will establish civil enforcement policies. policies that best protect the American people and are consistent with our values and priorities. ”
Stop building border walls. Mr Biden will end the national declaration of emergency cited by the Trump administration to divert money to building the southern wall.
Keep protections for a group of Liberians in the country. Liberians who have been in the United States for many years will be able to stay there longer. Their “delayed start of execution” will be extended for an additional year, until June 30, 2022. President Trump briefly considered ending the delay before finally extending the program.
Last minute regulatory action freeze from the Trump administration. Technically, the White House chief of staff Ron Klain will be responsible for carrying out this operation, and a presidential note will formally indicate the regulations to be blocked.
To formulate the doctrine of the ethics of executive power. Mr. Biden wants everyone appointed by the executive to sign an ethical pledge. The pledge also requires federal employees to promise “to maintain the independence of the Department of Justice,” the executive order says.